Project – 2019

In Peru, women and girls experience unequal conditions that limit their access to business opportunities.

Project Overview

Location
Huilloc, Peru

Trip Date
Winter 2019

Partner

Awamaki

Goal
Build an artisan center alongside women who are members of a rural textile craft cooperative so that they have a community space to meet and run their businesses.

Country Context
Peruvian women who live in rural areas tend to not speak out against domestic violence because they lack access to education, business, and support programs. Many believe abuse is a natural part of marriage or an indicator they’ve done something to deserve it.

Partner Project

Huilloc Artisan Center

Awamaki supports rural Andean women’s associations to launch successful small businesses in the remote mountains of Peru. Their programs create avenues of skill-building and leadership development so women can increase their income as well as transform their communities.

In partnership with the cooperative of rural Andean women in Huilloc, WECO will raise funds for the building and work with the community on a piece of its construction, so the women’s association will have a space to weave, knit, spin, and sew. Once complete, the center will also be used for training in quality control, product development, and technical skills improvement.

The project will include group participation in Awamaki’s sustainable tourism activities that provide meaningful cultural experiences for visitors, as well as promote the appreciation of Andean traditions and lifestyles.

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The Path to Gender Equality

Domestic violence remains prevalent in Peru, largely because many tend to think of it as a natural, accepted part of marriage. Women who are abused – especially those living in rural areas – don’t usually speak out against domestic violence because they lack access to education, business, and related support programs. Many women believe abuse is an indicator they’ve done something to deserve it.

As of 2015, Peru’s Congress passed a law that provides for comprehensive measures to prevent and punish violence against women. This law builds on existing judicial measures to protect women at risk, and calls for the creation of shelters to provide women with temporary refuge from abusers.

Although policies exist that make violence against women illegal, there remain gaps between established laws and actual implementation, especially in rural communities. Women and girls in Peru remain at high risk of abuse.

More than 700 women have been killed in Peru in “femicides” or “feminicidios” (i.e. the killing of a woman in gendered contexts) between 2009 and August 2015. In 2016, more than 382 women were victims of feminicidios or attempted feminicidios. Within those cases, courts only convicted 54 of the perpetrators, who received on average less than 15 years in prison.

Worldwide, the gap in gender equality correlates with how well a country performs economically. Peruvian women, in addition to experiencing gender-based violence, are under-recognized in terms of the resources and talents they offer. This unequal recognition can be addressed by paving the way for women to enter the formal economy so they aren’t primarily (or solely) focusing on unpaid domestic labor.

Organizations like Awamaki support the development of reliable income sources for women to improve the quality of life for their families and themselves. Through artisan centers and business development, cooperatives of women are able to leverage their skills and improve their lives, ultimately bringing the country closer to achieving gender parity.

Awamaki also offers meaningful cultural activities for visitors, with a focus on participatory community experiences that teach the uniqueness and importance of Andean culture while giving back to the local community.

For more information, please review the following reports on gender in Peru: WEF Global Gender Gap 2016, Human Rights Watch: World Report Peru 2017, and UNESCO Gender Indicator – Peru

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